This quantitative correlational research study explored the problem of pastors providing general counseling or pastoral counseling within their own level of comfort to parishioners who seek counsel regarding concerns of marital discord, sexual abuse, thoughts of suicide, and substance abuse. A total of 200 questionnaires were sent to pastors via on line questionnaires: Multi- leadership questionnaire, demographic questionnaire, and level of comfort questionnaire. This resulted in the return of only 75 pastors completing all three of the surveys Multi leadership Questionnaire (MLQ), a researcher designed demographic questionnaire, and level of comfort questionnaire. Multiple Regression analysis was used to determine the association between variables and to assess the potential for predicative magnitude and direction. The theoretical frameworks included social identity theory of leadership and social identity theory, which guided this research. Although the results of this study did not find a significant correlation between leadership styles (transformational, transactional, and passive-avoidant), and the comfort level of pastors, as they addressed the counseling concerns (marital discord, sexual abuse, substance abuse, and thoughts of suicide) of parishioners. Yet, associations were found between the transformational leadership style, gender, educational level, and marital discord. The literature continues to show that for decades individuals diagnosed with mental disorders and mental discord, were more likely to first approach clergy for help (Beaumont, 2011; Stanford & Philpott, 2011).
|Subjects||Pastoral counseling; Management; Counseling psychology|
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