Creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) in 1887 regulated the railroads, which previously had operated independently of any government oversight. In 1935, the trucking industry joined the railroads under the jurisdiction and heavy hand of the ICC; imposing restrictions on routes and rates to the point of almost restricting competition. World War II highlighted the degraded state of the transportation industry in the U.S. and the ICC acted quickly by granting licenses and routes to new trucking and rail companies to support the war effort. In the post war era, increasing imports of products from Japan and other overseas suppliers – combined with a stagnant economy, spurred a movement to deregulate the industry. Legislation was passed deregulating the transportation industry by 1980, ushering in a new era of cooperation within the transportation industry. A consensus and agreement was reached within the industry, to cooperate on inter-regional transfers of goods through an intermodal facility linking shippers to new markets. Today, the U.S. intermodal hub system is a highly efficient and cost effective means of moving large quantities of products across country. According to the intermodal Association of North America (IANA), almost 25 million containers and trailers move throughout the U.S. every year via the intermodal system. Intermodal hubs serve as an integral part of supply chain operations in both forward and reverse operations by moving products via different modes of transportation in a seamless operation, to reach a final destination. This research was based on a case study analyzing one inland intermodal hub as representative of the inland intermodal system. The findings indicate the intermodal system is capable of supporting increases in growth, but the metropolitan infrastructure surrounding the intermodal facility presents issues that may cause major disruption of the transportation system, unless action is taken by Congress to review GAO audit findings and take appropriate action.
|Adviser||William J. McKibbin|
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