The purpose of this quantitative study is to examine the relationship between work-life benefits, turnover intentions, and organizational commitment of school nutrition workers from small public school districts in Mississippi. The study employed a quantitative, nonexperimental, correlational study research design. Data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. This research study used multiple linear regression to analyze each of the hypotheses and to answer the research question. The population for this study was all child nutrition employees who provide meal services to students in small public school districts in Mississippi. This group included cafeteria workers (e.g., cashiers, cooks, food assistants, dishwashers, line servers). A validated instrument was used to assess organizational commitment, the Three-component Model (TCM) Employee Commitment Survey (Meyer & Allen, 2004). Further, the Michigan Organizational Assessment Questionnaire (MOAQ) was used to assess employee turnover intentions, while work-life benefits and basic demographic types of questions were posed in the demographic section of the survey to assist the researcher in determining which factors influenced the participants' feelings and opinions (Cammann, Fichman, Jenkins, & Klesh, 1979). The results of the multiple linear regression analysis for turnover intent, work-life benefits, and organizational commitment showed that the Pearson correlation coefficient was significant, which means there was a moderate, negative relationship between the variables identified in the study and that it is possible that other variables may contribute to turnover intentions. Limitations of this study were based on the fact that participants were provided paper-and-pencil surveys to complete via the postal service and return to researcher. Further, lack of identification of whether the participants were employed at city schools, urban or rural school districts, which might have impacted the work-life benefits being offered. This study provides findings that may assist human resource managers, supervisors of child nutrition programs, or other school site administrators in their attempts to create a work-friendly environment by offering and supporting their employees with the receipt of certain work-life benefits.
|Subjects||Management; Education policy; Nutrition; Occupational psychology; Organizational behavior|
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