Path-goal leadership, organizational commitment, and turnover intention among generational cohorts

by Larson, Steven C., Ph.D., CAPELLA UNIVERSITY, 2014, 208 pages; 3645520


This study quantitatively tested for correlations between three generational cohorts (Baby Boomer, Gen X, and Gen Y); perception of different leadership behaviors (using path-goal theory to define instrumental, supportive, and participative behaviors); three components of organizational commitment (affective, normative, and continuance); and turnover intention within the general population of full-time, working adults. The electronic survey package included a sample demographics section, the Perceived Leadership Behaviors Scale (PLBS) (House & Dessler, 1974); the Three-Component Model of Organizational Commitment (Meyer & Allen, 1991); and the Intention to Turnover Scale (O'Driscoll & Beehr, 1994), and was administered by a contracted commercial survey company. Analytic techniques included one-way ANOVA, MANOVA, multiple regression, and correlation techniques. Graphical presentation of cohort response means for each variable scale item showed differences between generational cohorts. Statistical analysis found correlation between cohort and specific perceived leadership scales; between cohort and both affective and continuance commitment; and between cohort and turnover intention. In combination, support was generally found for relationship between cohort, leadership component, and organizational commitment component. Turnover intention was found to be negatively correlated with leadership behavior for all cohorts, and positively correlated to all commitment scales for all cohorts (one exception). Hierarchical multiple regression showed significant correlation between cohort (first), leadership behavior (second), and organizational commitment (third) and turnover intention (outcome dependent variable) in nearly all cases. Analysis of select demographics in lieu of cohort was conducted for comparison.

AdviserMarc Muchnick
Source TypeDissertation
SubjectsSocial research; Management
Publication Number3645520

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