As workplace conditions evolve, past studies examining the implications of extra work hours can be meaningfully updated and new insights gained by comparing an analysis of newer data with the earlier findings. This study provides an update to Golden and Wiens-Tuers's (2008) study based on 2002 General Social Survey (GSS) Quality of Work Life (QWL) module data. The present study investigated 2010 GSS QWL. The GSS sample is representative of the U.S. adult, household population. Descriptive statistics and comparative analysis were used to analyze the relationship between extra work hours and quality of life indicators; compare and contrast differences based on whether extra work hours were mandatory or non-mandatory; explicate differences in extra-work hour status based on demographic characteristics and employment conditions; and compare and contrast results to Golden and Wiens-Tuers (2008). The present study's findings did not depart substantially from those of the original study. The key conclusion remains true. Extra work hours are associated with better financial outcomes, more frequent work-family interference, and more frequent fatigue; Work-family interference is worsened when extra work hours are mandatory. Additionally, the present study indicates more people are working extra hours. Further, the present study suggests that the decreased quality of life associated with extra work hours may be intensified during an economic downturn such as the recession beginning in 2007. Opportunities for future research include replicating this study using a more narrowly defined population, conducting qualitative research to more deeply probe the quality of life of those working extra hours under poor economic conditions, and exploring the extra-work-hour policies of organizations in which employees report high quality of life.
|Subjects||Management; Labor economics; Occupational psychology; Individual & family studies|
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