Leadership styles and effectiveness in small, medium and large organizations

by Walter, James A., Ph.D., CAPELLA UNIVERSITY, 2014, 79 pages; 3616067


The purpose of this research study was to investigate leadership styles (dependent variable) and effectiveness (dependent variable) based on organizational size (independent variable). The chosen leadership theory for this study was the Full Range Leadership Theory put forth by Avolio and Bass. This covers a range of leadership styles from passive-avoidant to transformational. The three leadership styles of transformational, transactional and passive-avoidant and the effectiveness were measured using Bass and Avolio’s Multi Factor Leadership Questionnaire 5x. The population was persons in management positions holding executive or functional positions. The sample consisted of 159 randomly selected respondents holding management positions within their organizations as determined by the data from Survey Monkey. Data analysis consisted of chi square analysis to analyze whether there is a difference in leadership styles among managers in organizations categorized as small, medium and large size organizations. Data analysis from an ANOVA was used to analyze whether there is a difference in organizational effectiveness in organizations categorized as small, medium and large size organizations. Data was entered into SPSS for analysis. Selection criteria other than persons being in an executive or functional management position were working in a for-profit organization, in operations for at least three years and domestic. The organizational categories for size were 1-99 employees being small, 100-499 employees being medium and <500 employees being large. Results determined that there is no significant difference between leadership styles of managers and the size of the organization and no significant difference in organizational effectiveness based on the size of the organization.

AdviserWerner D. Gottwald
Source TypeDissertation
SubjectsBusiness administration; Management; Organizational behavior
Publication Number3616067

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