Effective leadership is a foundational cornerstone within any organizational structure, especially while fostering an organizational change initiative. As a result, the need for understanding the direct relationship between a leader's behaviors and the effects of organizational change proves vital in this hyper-competitive global business environment. Conversely, history is replete with examples of failed businesses and a direct linkage to the leaders who failed them. The purpose of this study was to further highlight the relationship, or linkage between specific leader behaviors and organizational change, as perceived by employees. In particular, this study specifically identified and evaluated several significant transformational leader behaviors as key predictors of effective and successful organizational change. This research utilized a quantitative, non-experimental, descriptive study approach. This study used two, already existing surveys, in order to effectively bring the data together—the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) Form 5x-Short by Mind Garden for assessing leader behaviors from the perspective of the employees and the Organizational Change Survey (OCS) by Dr. David M. Herold for measuring organizational change, also from the employees' perspective. This study gathered 520 samples from the U.S. retail sector population. This study's comparative analysis revealed significant positive correlation between transformational leadership factors and organizational change, with the exception of change consequences. This research suggests that the more transformational a leader is in their leadership, the more effective they will be in fostering positive organizational change initiatives. The results from this study suggest that either the U.S. retail sector is not a strong transformational sector; or rather the participant samples from the U.S. retail sector are less transformational than the norm. Nevertheless, the findings of this study reveal a direct linkage between transformational leadership and organizational change, which provide not only useful, but advantageous implications to today's business leaders/practitioners.
|Subjects||Educational leadership; Management; Business education|
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