This study investigated the relationships and differences between safety climate attitudes and self-efficacy among a cohort of union railroad employees that have completed a safety training program. The participants of this study were limited to transportation employees who operate and control the trains. These employees are the locomotive engineers and the conductors. The study was intended to provide information that will assist railroads in reducing or even eliminating human factor train accidents and injuries through the understanding of the relationship and differences in safety climate attitudes and self-efficacy. The knowledge gained through this study may also be utilized in other high risk or high-consequence industries such as the airline industry. The study utilized the Hall Safety Climate Instrument (HSCI) (Hall, 2006) and the Generalized Self-Efficacy (GSE) (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1993) as the survey instruments. The data was gathered for this study utilizing an online survey host. Although there was a positive relationship between safety climate attitudes and self-efficacy, this relationship was weak. This study not only cast new light upon the relationship of safety climate attitudes and self-efficacy, the study also cast light upon subject matters that were not necessarily the goal of the study. The study also indicated that there may be some serious problems in the railroad industry between management and these employees. Based upon the data that was gathered and analyzed in this study, the study contains recommendations for the major operating railroads in the United States as well as the United Transportation Union.
|Subjects||Management; Public policy; Business education|
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