Presenteeism, participation in a worksite wellness program, and employee income and education: A correlational quantitative study of workers in the New York Designated Market Area (NY DMA)

by Ferritto, Virginia R., Ph.D., CAPELLA UNIVERSITY, 2013, 176 pages; 3593082

Abstract:

Presenteeism, a concept associated with lost productivity due to reduced work performance as a result of an employee attending work while ill, is relatively new. Presenteeism emerged in the early 1990s from an absenteeism dominated research paradigm. This study aimed to fill gaps in limited presenteeism literature and do so from an organizational perspective by investigating a diverse workforce and avoiding health-oriented variables. The overlapping human capital theory and human resource management perspective that investing in employees leads to increased organizational value underpinned the research design. This study employed a non-experimental, cross-sectional, correlational quantitative self-administered online survey research design to investigate the relationship between participation in a worksite wellness program and presenteeism, when controlling for employees' income and education, between New York Designated Market Area workers employed by organizations with 1,000 or more employees who participate in a worksite wellness program and those who do not. Presenteeism was operationalized by aggregate analysis of responses to the Work Limitations Questionnaire (WLQ; Lerner et al., 2001), a well-documented, valid and reliable presenteeism measurement instrument. Hypothesis 1 was explored with a two-sample t-test and validated with a Mann-Whitney test. Multiple linear regression analyses were employed to investigate hypotheses 1, 2, 3, and 4. A Cronbach's alpha test was performed to test the Work Limitations Questionnaire. This study found no evidence to suggest the level of presenteeism among the study's sample of New York Designated Market Area workers employed by organizations with 1,000 or more employees varies according to whether or not they participate in a worksite wellness program. Results from statistically controlling for income and education, individually and simultaneously, yielded similar findings. The study's null hypotheses were not rejected.

AdviserCyd Strickland
SchoolCAPELLA UNIVERSITY
Source TypeDissertation
SubjectsBehavioral psychology; Management; Organizational behavior
Publication Number3593082

About ProQuest Dissertations & Theses
With nearly 4 million records, the ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT) Global database is the most comprehensive collection of dissertations and theses in the world. It is the database of record for graduate research.

PQDT Global combines content from a range of the world's premier universities - from the Ivy League to the Russell Group. Of the nearly 4 million graduate works included in the database, ProQuest offers more than 2.5 million in full text formats. Of those, over 1.7 million are available in PDF format. More than 90,000 dissertations and theses are added to the database each year.

If you have questions, please feel free to visit the ProQuest Web site - http://www.proquest.com - or contact ProQuest Support.