Ascriptive inequalities of employment prior to and during the 2001 and 2007 recessions in Gwinnett County, Georgia

by Porter, Kimberly D., Ph.D., CAPELLA UNIVERSITY, 2012, 200 pages; 3544942


One of many indications of a recession is higher rates of unemployment and Georgia had one of the highest rates during the 2007 recession. The purpose of this study was to reveal if disparity exists for the employment of individuals with certain ascribed characteristics and if this disparity is more significant during a recession. Two research questions explored this relationship; the first question is: is there an association between ascribed attributes of age, gender, and ethnicity and employment status in Gwinnett County, Georgia? The second research question is: will the relationship between ascribed attributes of gender, age, and ethnicity and employment status significantly change during recession (2001 and 2008 to 2010) versus nonrecession (2000 and 2002 to 2007) years in Gwinnett County, Georgia? A quantitative ex post facto case study design utilized secondary data from the United States Census Bureau (CB) consisting of 16,899 surveyed participants. The analyzed data used three statistical analyses, a t test, cross tabulation with a chi-square test, and binary logistic regression to determine differences. A relationship was found between the independent variables of gender, age, and ethnicity, with the dependent variable of employment status ( p = .000). An additional finding was that there was a significant difference between both recession periods based on ascriptive characteristics and employment status (p = .000). In addition, when comparing both recessions, there was a significant difference between the two periods based on ascriptive characteristics (p = .000). The researcher addressed a gap in the research, which specifically looked at ascriptive employment status during designated periods of economic downturns in a specific location within the United States. In addition to looking at more than one independent variable and the impact during recession and nonrecession periods over a 10-year span, the researcher included micro data collected by the CB for persons meeting employment and unemployment criteria. The results of this study were in agreement with the findings of previous studies and can provide material for continued research regarding the potential for eradication of employment inequality through policy change.

AdviserGary Robinson
Source TypeDissertation
SubjectsManagement; Demography
Publication Number3544942

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