Milk soy protein intolerance (MSPI) affects approximately 85,000 infants every year in the United States and is the most common food-related intolerance among infants. Symptoms can include gastrointestinal, cutaneous, and respiratory manifestations as well as general manifestations such as failure to thrive and colic. A need, therefore exists to better understand how caring for an infant diagnosed with MSPI affects maternal and family health outcomes. The purpose of this descriptive quantitative study was to determine if a relationship exists between variables of interest (infant characteristics, MSPI treatment, insurance support, educational resources, maternal adaptive behaviors, and family adaptive behaviors) and outcome variables (maternal health and family health) within the MSPI context. Forty mothers with infants ranging from 2-7 months of age and diagnosed with MSPI completed a survey packet which included a demographic questionnaire, the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (IBQ-R), the PedsQL™ Family Impact Module, and the Impact on Family Scale. Results indicated variables negatively affecting maternal health outcomes included number of infant symptoms p = .047, infant rate of recovery-reactivity to distress p = .003, MSPI treatment, maternal adaptive behaviors p < .001, family adaptive behaviors p < .001, and family health pp < .001. Variables affecting family health outcomes negatively included number of infant symptoms p = .001, MSPI treatment, insurance support p = .049, maternal adaptive behaviors p < .001, family adaptive behaviors p < .001, and maternal health p < .001. Findings from this study identified several variables negatively affecting maternal and family health outcomes when caring for an infant diagnosed with MSPI. Nurses can play a vital role in supporting these mothers and families by providing theory-driven, variable specific nursing interventions to optimize maternal and family health.
|School||COLLEGE OF SAINT MARY|
|Subjects||Nursing; Individual & family studies; Health education|
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