The purpose of this study was to determine the factors affecting information distribution in project management. The factors considered in this research include leadership styles, gender, and culture. Instruments utilized in the study consisted of a demographic questionnaire that this researcher developed, the Management Communication Survey (MCS) (Vandenberg, Richardson, & Eastman, 1999), the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) (Avolio et al., 2003), and the Organizational Culture Scale (Desphande et al., 1993). The data analysis procedure was done in which first SPSS and then the Pearson r, the Independent Samples T-Test, and the ANOVA were used to obtain results.
Participants (N = 137) started the survey, and 103 completed it. Respondents were 18-64 years of age (M = 41.46, SD = 10.61). Regarding generational age, 33% ( N = 34) were Baby Boomers (1946-1964); 48.5% (N = 50) represented Generation X (1965-1980); and 18.4% (N = 19) were from Generation Y (1981-2000). Regarding gender, 55.3% ( N = 57) were males and 44.7% (N = 46) were females. The majority of participants were African Americans (84.5%, N = 87); whereas 11.7% (N = 12) were European Americans. Approximately, 43% (N = 44) of participants indicated that their primary language was American English; 25.2% (N = 26) selected British English; and 1.9% (N = 2) indicated French as their primary language. Regarding religious affiliation, 85.4% (N = 88) were Christians; 7.8% (N = 8) indicated that their religion was Islam; and 1% (N = 1) were Buddhists. Thirty-six percent (N = 37) of participants were at a lower organizational level than the person they rated; 27.2% (N = 28) were at the same organizational level than the person they rated; and 26.2% were at a higher organizational level than the person they rated.
Future studies might investigate the influence of language on information distribution in project management and the influence of religious affiliation on information distribution.
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