Although expatriate spouses are frequently named as one of the primary causes of premature repatriation among international employees, it is not known whether these findings apply to international nonprofit organizations. A causal-comparative study of self-initiated and organization-initiated expatriate spouses was conducted to determine if there were significant differences in their satisfaction with life, cross-cultural adjustment, and social support scores. Using a web-based survey significant differences were found between these two groups of expatriate spouses using 119 participants. Self-initiated spouses had significantly higher scores of satisfaction with life and cross-cultural adjustment. Further data analysis revealed that self-initiated spouses remained in one location longer with adjustment scores rising throughout their sojourn. National friendships and use of the national language were associated with higher scores of adjustment among self-initiated expatriate spouses. Children living in the home appeared to influence the satisfaction with life and instrumental support scores. It is possible that participation in the ethnic enclave accounts for the differences between the two groups of expatriate spouses. Further research is needed to assist the international nonprofit manager in examining this potential cause of attrition.
|Subjects||Cultural anthropology; Women's studies; Management|
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