Research on depression and exercise shows that the physical and psychological benefits of exercise can help improve mood. The purpose of this project is to provide a better understanding about the benefits of exercise and ways to motivate depressed clients to participate in regular physical activity. In addition, this review identifies the factors that influence adults' engagement in physical activity that are essential for tailoring motivational interventions that are likely to increase regular participation. Through a review of the literature, as well as interviews with experts in the field, this review explores in detail the applicability of Motivational Interviewing and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as interventions to motivate clients to exercise. The concepts of amotivation, depressive symptoms, and self-efficacy are reviewed in the context of physical activity. An overview is also given of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Motivational Interviewing and evidence is provided that motivation, relief of depressive symptoms, and an increase in self-efficacy can be developed through Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Motivational Interviewing interventions. The current literature about Motivational Interviewing and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as interventions for motivating depressed clients to engage in physical activity are presented and critiqued. The clinical implications, limitations, and suggestions for future research are also discussed.
Keywords: physical activity, depressive symptoms, depressed, motivation, exercise, motivational interviewing, cognitive behavioral therapy, motivate
|School||ALLIANT INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY|
|Subjects||Behavioral sciences; Clinical psychology|
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