The study examines the Mississippi colonial experience in Liberia, from 1829 to 1860, as the Magnolia state sent an estimated five hundred and seventy one Blacks to the unofficial American colony during the era of legitimate commerce. The research method employed in this project is the critical analysis of government documents, manuscripts, and rare books found in California, North Carolina, Mississippi, and Washington D.C.
This study argues that freed slaves from Mississippi practiced aspects of the Black Radical and became part of a compradore class, which supported American economic, social, and religious hegemony in Liberia. The enslaved in the New World created the Black Radical Tradition (BRT) and is similar to a tree with many branches, which supports an expressive, philosophical, physical and theoretical response to oppression, forced labor, absence of freedom or independence, and violence in the Diaspora. Mississippi emigrants manipulated and ultimately controlled the economic and religious characteristics of the colonization movement from Mississippi to Liberia. In contrast to other emigrant classes, the emigrants from Mississippi had greater control of their own experiences in Liberia.
In 1831, the Mississippi State Colonization Society (MSCS), a state auxiliary society of the American Colonization Society organized as a peculiar agent of freedom and attempted to recreate a plantation economy in Liberia. Slaveholders and clergy made up the majority of membership in this organization. The MSCS established a colony at the base of the Sinoe River, and named the capital, Greenville, after a wealthy planter in Adams County, Mississippi. The refusal to plant for profit by the freed slaves led to the decline of the Sinoe colony in the 1840s.
The national organization, the MSCS, and the enslaved selected for emigration to Liberia used religion for distinct reasons. Religion served as a covert support system for the capitalistic motivations in Liberia, as Christianity provided the foundations for informal imperialism via the ACS, who were instrumental in the creation of an African-American middle class. Tense relations existed between indigenous populations and the Mississippi colonists. Yet, the major reappraisal of Christianity and the story of the Exodus served as a foundation for the Mississippi enslaved to achieve freedom in Liberia.