The perceived influence of an economic recession on positive outlook of leaders and non-leaders as measured by the Occupational Personality Questionnaire

by Dalton, Casey S., Ph.D., CAPELLA UNIVERSITY, 2010, 90 pages; 3433764


How an organization responds to an economic recession can drastically impact every employee and subsequent business relationship of the organization. This can equate to millions of dollars in losses, as well as altering the organization's culture and morale. This quantitative study examines the influence of an economic recession on positive outlook. Specifically, it focuses on change in leaders and non-leaders pre- and post-recession in three variables: optimism, relaxation, and worry. The measuring tool utilized was the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ) (SHL, 2000). The resulting data set represented 110 leaders and 156 non-leaders. An independent samples t test analysis was conducted to determine the influence the recession has had on positive outlook for leaders and non-leaders. Leaders were found to be significantly impacted in the domains of optimism, relaxation, and worry. However, non-leaders were only found to be impacted significantly in the domain of worry. Leaders were found to experience more negative affects than non-leaders, notably so in the dimensions of optimism and worry. While these findings are somewhat consistent with studies conducted on past recessions, additional research is needed to better understand the impact of an economic recession. Future research recommendations include a larger sample size, consisting of a several industries and geographical locations, a testing instrument used in a controlled environment, and a longitudinal approach to measure impact on groups over an extended period of time.

AdviserPhyliss Cooke
Source TypeDissertation
SubjectsManagement; Occupational psychology
Publication Number3433764

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