Identifying key themes in cross -group friendship formation

by Davies, Kristin Marie, Ph.D., STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AT STONY BROOK, 2009, 115 pages; 3399740


The primary objective of the current research was to investigate how cross-group friendships (as compared to same-group friendships) develop in the “real world,” and impact intergroup attitudes as they progress. Two studies investigated the processes by which cross-race versus same-race friendships were formed. An online retrospective study with 143 participants in cross-race friendships, and 152 participants in same-race friendship surveyed the general adult population, while a 3-wave longitudinal study with 35 cross-race and 16 same-race participants was conducted with University students. Results suggest that those participants in cross-race friendships were found to have initially met through mutual friends less often than those with same-race friends. Furthermore, intimate interpersonal processes were found to play important roles in the formation and maintenance of cross-group friendships. Many friendship development and maintenance factors, particularly those concerning affect, and perceptions of concern and active involvement of the friend, were associated with factors relating to own and friend’s group membership, in addition to intergroup attitudes. Implications and future directions are discussed.

AdviserArthur Aron
Source TypeDissertation
SubjectsSocial psychology; Ethnic studies
Publication Number3399740

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