Leadership and PsyCap: A study of the relationship between positive leadership behaviors and followers' positive psychological capital

by Abdullah, Marilyn Carroll, Ph.D., CAPELLA UNIVERSITY, 2009, 135 pages; 3378872


The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to investigate the relationship of two variables: “positive leadership behavior, using Kouzes and Posner’s (1987), Leadership Practice Inventory, (LPI) and Luthans, Avolio, Avey and Norman, (2007) Positive Psychological Capital Questionnaire, (PCQ).” The LPI and PCQ, measure future performance outcomes, employee satisfaction and commitment were used in a retail bank environment to test branch managers LPI and branch employees PCQ. The research hypothesis tested was that there would be a positive correlation between the LPI and the PCQ instruments as predictors in determining the relationship between positive leadership behaviors and followers’ psychological capital when administered within a retail bank environment. The results of the findings showed that the correlations within the study were close to zero and not statistically significant; however, the findings show that both variables are mutually exclusive. Overall, this study extends existing theory and empirical research in the areas of leadership, positive psychological capital, employee commitment, performance, and satisfaction. Leadership practicing positive leadership behaviors provides followers with both intrinsic and extrinsic job resources. Job resources come from managers and include performance feedback, skill variety, self-sufficiency, and learning opportunities, all of which are positively associated with performance. Employees with positive psychological capital provide personal resources which include hope, optimism, self-efficacy, and resilience; again, all of which are also associated with performance, commitment, and satisfaction. Therefore, the findings revealed that both leadership behaviors and employee psychological capital are independent of the other.

AdviserJoseph R. Avella
Source TypeDissertation
SubjectsBehavioral psychology; Management
Publication Number3378872

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