In an increasingly globalized marketplace and society, the need for leaders who understand fundamental differences in cultures has new relevance and importance. Advocates of multiculturalism suggest that all cultures are equal and make important contributions to the human experience, whereas opponents point to the increased incidence of violence and social upheaval that has been associated with multiculturalism. In this environment, it is little wonder that corporate leaders confronted with diverse workforces are searching for more effective leadership techniques to help them achieve their organizational goals while acknowledging and balancing the needs of their employees. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship, to the extent that it exists, between organizational culture and societal culture; identify what leadership styles are most effective in terms of achieving organizational goals while balancing the needs of the workers involved; identify relevant cross-cultural issues that may affect leadership styles in an increasingly multicultural society; and determine how leadership styles vary in cultures around the world based on the larger society in which they exist. To this end, I conducted a survey, the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ), to identify relevant issues concerning the relationship between organizational culture and the larger societal culture in which it exists and to formulate recommendations for corporate leaders in multicultural settings concerning effective leadership approaches. I presented a summary of the research and found pertinent traits that characterize effective leaders in various societal settings such as; feel trust, loyalty, and respect toward their leaders. The findings can thus be used as a basis for cultural change within any organization. Keywords: Culture, Leadership Styles, Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ).
|Adviser||Thomas L. Driver|
|Subjects||Management; Organizational behavior|
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