The purpose of this longitudinal quantitative study was to explore the relationship between cultural intelligence (CQ), the capacity to adjust to a new culture, and self-monitoring personality, the ability to control or modify self-presentation. The sample frame for the study included all adult U.S. volunteers participating in service projects in Belize for an international philanthropic service organization. The data collection instrument used existing validated instruments, the Cultural Intelligence Scale and the Revised Self-Monitoring Scale, along with new items that measured demographic and experience variables. The data analysis was conducted by the use of the SPSS statistical 16.0 grad pack software and included descriptive techniques, partial correlation, t tests, and an ANCOVA fixed effects model. All but one of the four domains of CQ were found to have a significant positive relationship with either one or both of the subdimensions of self-monitoring. ANCOVA model results indicated a significant relationship between a change in CQ and the time spent interacting with the local citizenry, as well as certain activities people reported during their experience, including sharing a meal, shopping in the market, and teaching. There was also a curious finding of a negative relationship between change in CQ and spending time learning the local language. Future study is recommended including a longitudinal experimental design.
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