Community-based psychological first aid for emergency medical service providers: Mental health stigma, resilience, and social support

by Reed, Amanda J., Ph.D., UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH DAKOTA, 2016, 133 pages; 10160743

Abstract:

EMS workers are an important part of the health care system and provide pre-hospital medical services to the communities in which they serve. Frequent exposure to potentially traumatic emergency responses necessitates the availability of psychological support for EMS providers. The current study investigates the training of EMS providers in community-based psychological first aid to explore it as a potential psychological support method for EMS workers. Specific interest in the study is focused on Resilience and Self-Stigma of Seeking Help and the factors contributing to these two constructs. A total of 55 EMS providers completed several measures, which were used to explore contributing factors to Resilience and Self-Stigma of Seeking Help, as well as reported Self-Stigma of Seeking Help before and after the training. The hypothesized models of factors contributing to Self-Stigma of Seeking Help were not supported. However, data analyses revealed a moderating effect of Knowledge of PFA on the relationship of Perceived Social Support and Resilience and a significant decrease in Self-Stigma of Seeking Help following the PFA training. Results are supportive of PFA as a practical and effective psychosocial support method for EMS providers. The present study contributes to the limited literature on psychological support for EMS providers and invites further research on the topic.

AdviserGerard A. Jacobs
SchoolUNIVERSITY OF SOUTH DAKOTA
Source TypeDissertation
SubjectsMental health; Social psychology
Publication Number10160743

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